Performance of Novel High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin I Assays for 0/1-Hour and 0/2- to 3-Hour Evaluations for Acute Myocardial Infarction: Results From the HIGH-US Study

Richard M. Nowak, MDa,∗, Correspondence information about the author MD Richard M. Nowak Email the author MD Richard M. Nowak, Robert H. Christenson, PhDd, Gordon Jacobsen, MSb, James McCord, MDc, Fred S. Apple, PhDe, Adam J. Singer, MDf, Alexander Limkakeng Jr., MDg, William F. Peacock, MDh, Christopher R. deFilippi, MDi

Study objective

We determine the accuracy of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI), European-derived, rapid, acute myocardial infarction, rule-out/rule-in algorithms applied to a US emergency department (ED) population.

Methods

Adults presenting to the ED with suspected acute myocardial infarction were included. Plasma samples collected at baseline and between 40 and 90 minutes and 2 and 3 hours later were analyzed in core laboratories using the Siemens Healthineers hs-cTnI assays. Acute myocardial infarction diagnosis was independently adjudicated. The sensitivity, specificity, and negative and positive predictive values for rapid acute myocardial infarction rule-out/rule-in using European algorithms and 30-day outcomes are reported.

Results

From 29 US medical centers, 2,113 subjects had complete data for the 0/1-hour algorithm analyses. With the Siemens Atellica Immunoassay hs-cTnI values, 1,065 patients (50.4%) were ruled out, with a negative predictive value of 99.7% and sensitivity of 98.7% (95% confidence interval 99.2% to 99.9% and 96.3% to 99.6%, respectively), whereas 265 patients (12.6%) were ruled in, having a positive predictive value of 69.4% and specificity of 95.7% (95% confidence interval 63.6% to 74.7% and 94.7% to 96.5%, respectively). The remaining 783 patients (37.1%) were classified as having continued evaluations, with an acute myocardial infarction incidence of 5.6% (95% confidence interval 4.2% to 7.5%). The overall 30-day risk of death or postdischarge acute myocardial infarction was very low in the ruled-out patients but was incrementally increased in the other groups (rule-out 0.2%; continued evaluations 2.1%; rule-in 4.8%). Equivalent results were observed in the 0/2- to 3-hour analyses and when both algorithms were applied to the hs-cTnI ADVIA Centaur measurements.

Conclusion

The European rapid rule-out/rule-in acute myocardial infarction algorithm hs-cTnI cut points can be harmonized with a demographically and risk-factor diverse US ED population.

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